Issues : JET is a peer-reviewed, open-access scientific journal : Journal of Ergonomic Technology (JET)

Journal of Ergonomic Technology (JET)
ISSN 2432-1575

Issues

A typing device applied for eye movement and blinking
Publish Date : 2002/03/01  Vol.2
Authors : 
Noriyoshi MATSUO, Yukihiro OHKITA, Hitoshi UCHIDA, R&D Center, Suzuki Motor Corporation
Tomoya SUGIMOTO, Yutaka TOMITA, Satoshi HONDA, Faculty of Science and Technology, Keio University
Report Outline : 
Technical note
Appeared on Ergonomics of Human System Interaction Vol. 2, No. 1, 57/59, 1996.

A typing interface which was controlled of the signals gained both electrooculography (EOG) and electromyography (EMG) with occurred saccades and blinkings was made. In this paper, it was described the process of signal and the result of evaluation of the interface device.

Keywords: Computer interface device, Eye movement, Electrooculography (EOG), Blinking, Electromyography (EMG), Disability
Count : 82
Measurements of external reaction force during nursing transfer task
Publish Date : 2002/03/01  Vol.2
Authors : 
Hiroshi IKEHARA, Koichi OGAWA, Tokyo Denki University
Report Outline : 
Original article
Appeared on Ergonomics of Human System Interaction Vol. 2, No. 1, 49/56, 1996.

This paper describes new force detecting sensors and experiments using the sensor to record forces during the transfer a weight on a working rack. Two sensors have been developed, a pair of Forceshoes and Vertical force plate (VFP). The forceshoes measures foot reaction forces during the transfer or lifting of an object, such as a patient or a weight. The VFP measures forces acting against a surface, which is those a nurse would exert against the edge of a bed or a working rack. Experiments were conducted as follows: a subject wear a pair of the forceshoes and transferred a 10 kg weight from left to right by 100 cm, on a working rack which is 40% of a subject’s height, located ata various distance which is varied from 10% to 40% of subject’s height from the subject, with and without learning against the edge of the rack.
The following conclusions were drown: (1) The average learning force exerted against the working rack was 16 kgf. (2) The tiptoe ground reaction forces occurring during transferred the weight when leaning on the rack decreased about 21% when comparing with the force without leaning. (3) It was observed by 5% less total foot force for forward movement when comparing with the force without leaning and 6% less for right and left movement.

Keywords: Nursing transfer tasks, Force sensor, Strain gauge, Leaning force
Count : 78
On nursing heavy work and ergonomics
Publish Date : 2002/03/01  Vol.2
Authors : 
Koichi OGAWA, Tokyo Denki University
Report Outline : 
Original article
Appeared on Ergonomics of Human System Interaction Vol. 2, No. 1, 44/48, 1996.

Lifting and transferring patients have been perceived by nursing personnel to be the most frequent caused of back injury/pain. Therefore, there is a need to use mechanical lifting devices to decrease the load lifted by nursing staff. More easy handing and sophisticated lifting devices have to be developed. The currently used lifting devices are not sufficient to handle a patient and they require more space in hospitals. The development of such devices has to be proceeded carefully because of the handling of delicate patients. The following steps will be required for the development of the mechanical aid for nursing. (1) to observe nursing movements and loads, (2) to take advice form nursed on back problems, (3) to measure the nursing posture and forces for lifting and transferring patients with/without using the principle of body mechanics and ergonomics, (4) to apply the piles up data to design of the devices, (5) to apply the devices to nursing work.
Above items (1) and (2) have been performed and item (3) is under way. This paper deals with a procedure for developing devices for nursing aids in the future from the viewpoint of ergonomics.

Keywords: Nursing work, Ergonomics, Body mechanics
Count : 92
Comparative study of virtual reality and walk-through – Research on the communication of information in interior design –
Publish Date : 2002/03/01  Vol.2
Authors : 
Yoko NAGAYAMA, Bunka Women’s University
Report Outline : 
Original article
Appeared on Ergonomics of Human System Interaction Vol. 2, No. 1, 38/43, 1996.

Interior design is the comprehensive designing of space. To appropriately communicate an interior design to a third person, it is necessary to convey that space in an integrated way. However, it is difficult to fully convey such design information using conventional methods. Therefore, we studied the application potentials of two methods in which information processing devices are used to communicate design information.
The first is ‘virtual reality’ (VR). The other is ‘walk-through.’ By studying the application potentials of these technologies, we found that VR is superior in letting the participant obtain information freely and at will, while walk-through is superior in conveying an understanding of the junctions among spaces. In the future, we will study the potentials of methods that use these technologies to communicate interior design information.
Keywords: Communication, Interior design, Virtual reality, Walk-through
Count : 98
A basic discussion for a classification system on a screen design: In the case of a paper play
Publish Date : 2002/03/01  Vol.2
Authors : 
Hiroki YAMAMOTO, Osaka Gakuin University
Report Outline : 
Technical note
Appeared on Ergonomics of Human System Interaction Vol. 2, No. 1, 30/37, 1996.

As an information-oriented life makes progress, studies on a screen design aiding comprehension are needed from various fields, For this reason, this article discussed a classification system of a screen design in the case of a paper play. Two which is about the relations between screens and the other is a vertical classification system which is about relations between a screen and words. From these classification systems, an actual condition of a screen design in a paper play was clarified. Therefore, this article brought the basis on discussion about a screen design.
Keywords: Screen design, Paper play, Aiding comprehension
Count : 92
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